The Complicated Link Between ADHD And Sleep

ADHD And Sleep

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is an issue that starts in youth and incorporates symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. These symptoms fiddle with working at school, at work, and in social surroundings. Almost 5% of kids are suffering from ADHD, and it is more normal in boys. A lot of people carry the symptoms of this disorder till their adulthood however, precautionary measures can enormously improve the quality of life for individuals with ADHD.

Around 25 to 50 % of people suffering from ADHD experience Sleep Disorders, going from sleep deprivation to secondary sleep disorders. Specialists are beginning to understand the significance of treating sleep issues and the effect this can have on both ADHD indicators and the quality of life of ADHD patients and their relatives.

Symptoms of ADHD

Symptoms of ADHD can be discovered in a 2 years old kid and the symptoms may decline with age. Majorly they are bifurcated in these common symptoms.

Inattention: You may observe patients doing careless mistakes, suffer a short attention span, demonstrate poor listening skills, forgetfulness, distractibility, disorganization, and procrastination.

Hyperactivity and Impulsivity: symptoms may include fidgeting, restlessness, frequently moving, being noisy, always ‘on the go’, disruptive behaviour, excessive talking, and loud conversation.

Some of the common symptoms may also include:

  • Daydreaming visuals
  • Not to listen to or obey in one go
  • Experiencing difficulty in keeping focused
  • Forgetting things or frequently losing belongings
  • Mostly out of control in front of strangers or visitors
  • Unfriendly or extremely friendly behaviour depending on mood swings
  • Difficulty in following tasks, meeting deadlines, or comprehending directions
  • Frequent interruption in other peoples’ activities & conversation
  • Mostly being aggravated and impatient to attain focus
  • Frequently delivers unorganized tasks and activities
  • Behaves squirming or wriggling when fussy
  • Excessive talking or blabbering

People suffering from ADHD may need to suffer from regular ADHD indications that influence numerous everyday issues. Individuals with such conditions regularly experience issues at school, work, and in their relationships. They’re likely to experience extreme conditions like anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders.

Connection Between ADHD and Sleep Disorder

Understanding the interplay between Sleep disorders and ADHD may be a bit tricky. People with such symptoms may suffer from inattentiveness, restlessness, or hyperactivity. People also experience symptoms of insomnia, periodic limb movement syndrome, bruxism, obstructive sleep apnea, somniloquy, circadian rhythm disorders, or somnambulism. People suffering from ADHD mostly experience anxiety or depression, which can disrupt their sleep pattern. Higher rates of sleep disorders can be experienced in such people suffering from ADHD.

Diagnosing Sleep Disorders

Diagnosing sleep issue includes numerous assessments like asking personal questions about bedtime, pattern, amount of time it takes in falling asleep, the average duration of sleep, count of disruption, reasons, daytime naps, problem waking up, energy levels during the daytime, etc.

Nocturnal Polysomnography Test

A Nocturnal Polysomnography Test is performed in a lab while an individual is put to sleep. The patient is connected with equipment that can measure and monitor essential signals, activities, and movement in the heart, lungs, brain, and legs during the observed sleep.

Generally, Individuals with sleep issues have an overall shorter sleep time, move their limbs seriously during the sleep duration, and may demonstrate their unpredictable behaviour during the sleep.

Treatment for Sleep Disorders

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), demonstrates the best ways to overcome or dispose of the sensations of anxiety and depression that hold you back from nodding off.

unwinding methods, for example, meditation and deep breathing activities, which can help lessen the stressful thoughts before you hit the bed.

Stimulus control, that imparts methods to restrict the time you spend in bed while not dozing off so that you just sleep while in bed.

Sleep limitation, where you deliberately limit the time that you spend in bed lying awake and not sleeping.

light therapy, which helps you reset your internal clock so that you nod off at a later stage when you actually fall sleepy.

How You Can Help?

If you are suffering from ADHD and facing problems while falling asleep, you should consult a doctor or a therapist. You may need expert advice to change the medication that will improve your sleeping disorder. Experts can also identify the root cause of your sleeplessness and help you come out of sleep disorders.

If there is nothing else that is hampering your sleep, then definitely ADHD is the root cause of your sleep disorder. You can improve your sleep patterns by following a healthy routine and a simple lifestyle.

  • Have a peaceful & calm bedtime routine
  • Avoid any sort of naps 4 hours before your bedtime
  • Avoid intake of coffee or caffeine products 4 hours before your bedtime
  • If you take stimulating medication, ensure you take it early before your bedtime
  • Follow bedtime strictly and have a routine of sleep time
  • Keep a quiet & darker room and use a comfortable bed
  • Stay away from screens when you hit the bed

Summing Up

While suffering from ADHD, you may also suffer from problems like excessive sleep, staying asleep, early wakeups, or other sleep disorders. These bad night sleep patterns are normal but with ADHD, people face difficulties in sleeping patterns and can make you more distractible and impulsive during the day. When people suffer sleeping problems, they are first diagnosed with ADHD. ADHD’s mental and physical restlessness can disturb your sleep patterns and hurt your overall health and treatment. It is advised to consult a doctor or therapist for advanced treatment.